An anti-Communist book from 1937 which revealed that Communist Jews were the commandants of 11 out of the 12 main Stalinist-era Gulags, or concentration camps, including the camp system directors Matvei Berman and Hershel Jehuda.
Ultimately, some 14 million people would be detained in the 53 camps which operated from 1934 to 1953.
According to official Soviet data, some 1,053,829 people died in the camps from various causes.
The modern-day Russian industrial cities of the Arctic, such as Norilsk, Vorkuta, and Magadan, were originally Gulags.
Now with a new introduction, this version contains the original text and photographs.
Cover image: The Mask of Sorrow near Magadan, Russia. A 1996 monument commemorating the prisoners of the Gulag concentration camps.