Understanding Islam’s view that, in spite of its appearance of having many internal divisions, the world of Islam understands only one enemy: its own civilisation versus all others. Guillaume Faye proposes that there is no difference other than tactical ones between Islam and Islamism. According to Faye, Islam is absolutely incompatible with pluralist democracy, secularism, and the Western conception of freedom. Its purpose is theocracy, and its reign means decline in intelligence. Understanding Islam calls for Westerners to refuse to submit to its values and accept its principles.